Minumum Maturity Standard

Avocado Certification Program
Fruit, Vegetable and Egg Quality Control Branch
Division of Inspection Services
326 State Place
Escondido, Ca. 92029


Minimum Maturity Standard based on Percent Dry Matter

Here are the minimum percent dry matter standard that various avocado varieties must reach before they can be commercially harvested and sold to the public.

Dry Matter %
Varieties
17.7
Bacon
19.0
Furete
18.7
Zutano
21.6
Pinkerton
20.8
Hass
19.3
Jim
18.4
Susan
20.4
Rincon
24.2
Gwen
18.7
Reed
18.7
Clifton, Covacado, Duke, Henry, Select, Jalna, Leucadia, Santana, Teague, 287, other fall/winter varieties.
20.8
Anaheim, Benik, Bonita, Carlsbad, Dickinson, Edranol, Elsie, Ryan, Itzamna, MacArthur, Nabal, Queen, Thille, other spring/summer varieties.
Date/Size Maturity Releases
  • There was a strong industry interest in the establishment of harvest dates by size and variety.
  • Studies have determined that by testing avocados at selected sites at predetermined intervals from early in the season, predictions can be made at what date the dry matter levels will reach minimum maturity.
  • Industry leaders felt that Date/Size maturity releases would allow avocados to move in a uniform manner
  • Allows industry to plan marketing programs in advance to support the predicted movement
  • Avocados can still be harvested before the release dates, but they will be tested for minimum maturity standard.
Release dates:
Variety
size 40
size 48
size 60
size 70 and smaller
Bacon
10/21
11/04
11/25
12/09
Fuerte
10/27
11/10
12/01
12/15
Zutano
11/16
11/30
12/21
01/04
Hass
11/28
12/12
01/02
01/16
size 28
size 32
size 36
size 40
size 48
Pinkerton
11/23
12/07
12/21
12/28
01/11
size 32
size 36
size 40
size 48
size 60
Gwen
02/06
02/20
03/06
03/20
04/03
Size/Count Chart
Size/Count per
container
Minimum
(ounces)
Maximum
(ounces)
97 or more
No Weight Requirement
96
3 1/2
3 3/4
84
3 3/4
4 3/4
70
4 3/4
6 1/4
60
6 1/4
7 1/2
48
7 1/2
9 1/2
40
9 1/2
11 1/2
36
10 1/2
12 1/2
32
11 3/4
14
28
13 3/4
15 3/4
24
15 3/4
18 3/4
20
18 3/4
22
18
22
24
16
24
28
15 or less
No Weight Requirement